The environmental and efficient burning of wood requires the wood to be below 20% moisture content. Many people donâ€™t understand the extent to which the environment is polluted by burning wood that is too wet, which besides releasing pollutants can deposit tar in the chimney. According to the producers of the Ekoisti television program in Finland, one-third of the methane released, which is 20 times worse than carbon dioxide, is a result of the burning of wood that is too wet.
Wood can be dried in a woodshed or shelter or if not available stacked in rows on pallets or paving stones with a narrow tarpaulin over the top to keep out rain or snow. This allows a good circulation of air, which will dry the wood. To burn, the wood should be dry and then taken into the house a couple of days before burning to become â€˜house dryâ€™.
For use in wood burning stoves wood should be split into pieces about 5-10 cm thick. This is easily achieved by using the Logmatic Wedge-Axe and Splitting Basket to produce the right size firewood quickly and then easily carry the wood to where it is needed.Â Pieces about 5-10 cm thick produce a good burn in woodburning stoves and the rate of burn is controlled by the vent, i.e. how much the stove is damped down and not by the thickness of the wood.
To light a fire first roll up some balls of newspaper and put them in the grate, lay kindling, small sticks brush etc. on top and then on top of that lay the logs. On a woodburning stove ensure that the vent is open and there is a good draft of air. Set a match to the newspaper, and close the door of the woodburner.Â Let the fire burn hard for a few minutes to warm up the chimney before partly closing the vent to throw out heat.